Volume 7, Issue 3 (2018)                   JFST 2018, 7(3): 175-184 | Back to browse issues page

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Babaei S, Abedian Kenari A, Hedayati M, Yazdani-Sadati M. Growth, Body Composition, and Fatty Acids Changes in Siberian Sturgeon during Starvation and Refeeding; Effect of Different Macronutrients Levels. JFST 2018; 7 (3) :175-184
URL: http://jfst.modares.ac.ir/article-6-15401-en.html
1- Natural Resources & Environment Department, Agriculture Faculty, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
2- Aquaculture Department, Natural Resources & Marine Sciences Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor, Iran , aabedian@modares.ac.ir
3- Cellular & Molecular Research Center, Research for Endocrine Sciences Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Agricultural Research, Education & Extension Organization, Caspian Sea Sturgeon Institute, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (7442 Views)
Aims: In this study, the effect of dietary macronutrient composition (two levels of protein 44% and 38% with two carbohydrate/fatty ratios of 1.4 and 3) was studied during starvation and re-feeding with the aim of achieving growth, body composition, and fatty acids in the body of Siberian Sturgeon (Acipenser baerii, Brandt, 1869).
Materials & Methods: This experimental study was carried out at the International sturgeon research institute in a completely randomized design. 360 fish (with an initial weight of 30±5g) were randomly distributed in 24 tanks of 500 liters (15 fish per tank) with a volume of 350-400 liters capacity. Fish were fed on 4 different diets; protein 38% - carbohydrate: lipid ratio 3 (LP-St), protein 44% - carbohydrate: lipid ratio 3 (HP-St), protein 38% - carbohydrate: lipid ratio 1.4 (LP-L) and protein 44% - carbohydrate: lipid ratio 1.4 (HP-L), respectively. The fish were fed apparent satiation for 3 weeks, then, starved for two weeks, and, then, re-fed for 5 weeks. The results were analyzed, using SPSS 22 software by multivariate analysis of variance and Duncan's test.
Findings: Compensatory growth did not occur in any treatments. In the control group, the best growth was observed in HP-L, while after re-feeding, HP-St represented the best weight gain and feed conversion ratio
Conclusion: The dietary composition has a significant effect on the SFA, MUFA, and PUFA fatty acids, while the two weeks of starvation slightly increase only MUFA and have no significant effect on other fatty acids.
Full-Text [PDF 631 kb]   (1447 Downloads)    
Article Type: Research Article | Subject: fish and shellfish physiology
Received: 2017/12/16 | Published: 2018/09/22

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