Volume 13, Issue 1 (2024)                   JFST 2024, 13(1): 535-547 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Tarbiat Modares University
2- University of Hormozgan , zghasemi446@yahoo.com
3- Iran Fisheries Organization
Abstract:   (414 Views)
Chitin is an important natural polysaccharide that is found in the cell wall of some organisms including crustaceans. The chitosan polymer, which is extracted from chitin, plays a very important role in the production of a wide range of materials used in food products. The present study aimed to extract chitin from the shell of the farmed shrimp Penaeus vannamei using the chemical method, through the steps of deproteinization, demineralization and deacetylation and using it as a natural coating with no negative effects, for protecting the covering of the fruits. To ensure the standard and determine the quality of the chitosan synthesized, FT-IR test was performed. Then, grape and strawberry fruits were covered by chitosan concentrations of zero (control sample), 0.2 and 0.5% as different treatments. During the two-month storage period at 0-4 degrees Celsius, and to control  of the changes in the fruits, the appearance quality factors in fruits were controlled weekly. Based on the results, the efficiency of chitin production from the shell was 58%, chitosan production from chitin was 84% and therefore, the efficiency of chitosan production from the shell was 48%, which is a suitable rate. The control samples of both fruits lost their appearance and shriveled in the first week of the test, and spoiled after three weeks. However, in bothe grapes and strawberries coated with dissolved chitosan with a concentration of 0.5%, the best antibacterial coating was created for the fruits and their appearance quality was maintained during the storage period of two months.
 
Article number: 10
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Bioactive compounds
Received: 2024/01/1 | Published: 2024/03/12

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