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2645-5145 :pISSN

2645-5145 :eISSN

Political Organizing of Space

  • Editor-in-Chief: Mortaza Tavakkoli
  • Manager-in-Charge: Meysam Mirzaei Tabar
  • Publisher: Tarbiat Modares University
  • Journal Type: Scientific
  • Publication Period: Quarterly
  • Access Policy: Open
  • Publication Format: Electronic

Aim and scope
The aim of this journal is to publish scientific and research articles within the field of political geography, specifically regarding the organization of political space, that result from original research conducted using scientific methods and documents, preferably first-hand. The language used will be clear and objective, avoiding any biased or emotive language, while adhering to the conventional structure of academic writing and maintaining grammatical correctness. Additionally, consistent citation and formatting features will be employed and technical term abbreviations will be explained upon their first use.
The Journal of Space Political Planning seeks to disseminate the latest scientific research in the areas of political geography, space political planning and organization to commentators, academic users, and relevant executives. Objective and clear language is employed to create a logical flow of information and technical terms are properly explained. The journal adheres to conventional academic structure and formatting, while ensuring precise word choice and grammatical correctness. Biased language is avoided and the formal register is maintained throughout..
Peer-Review Policy
The peer review process in Political Organizing of Space is double-blinded in which the reviewer’s name is unknown to the author and, vice versa.
Submitted articles go through a structural and subject evaluation to align with Political Organizing of Space principles. Matches go through a double-blind peer review by three field experts (non-editorial staff) chosen by the Board based on specialty.The Board makes the final article selection.
Duties of Reviewers:
- Assist editor in decision-making and potentially help authors improve papers through editorial communication.
- Decline reviews if unqualified or unable to promptly review.
- Treat manuscripts as confidential documents and avoid unauthorized sharing.
- Conduct objective reviews, avoiding personal criticism and providing clear, supported feedback.
- Identify relevant, uncited published work and report potential plagiarism or overlap with other publications.
- Maintain confidentiality of information and ideas, avoiding personal gain or reviewing papers with conflicts of interest.

Open Access Policy:   This Journal contents and the individual articles are freely available to readers without subscriptions or payments through the journal website or its permanent repositories. 

This open-access journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License which permits Share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) and Adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material) under the Attribution-NonCommercial terms.

Licensing Policy :This Journal  is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial  "(CC BY-NC)This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.
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Publishing Ethics: This journal follows all the terms and conditions of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and complies with the highest ethical standards in accordance with ethical laws. Authors may refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors for comprehensive information.
Authors fees : Dear authors/ paper contributors, you are being humbly informed that the journal charges 600 Thousand Tomans (In two steps: Reviewing: 200 Thousand Tomans and Publishing: 400 thousand Tomans)
To receive iThenticate certificate, refer to the SAMIM NOOR Site at:

Self-archiving policies for authors
Authors are permitted to post their work online in institutional/disciplinary repositories or on their own websites. Pre-print versions posted online should include a citation and link to the final published version in this Journal as soon as the issue is available; post-print versions (including the final publisher's PDF) should include a citation and link to the journal's website
Copyright PolicyUnder open access license, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their content, but allow anyone to download, reuse, and reprint, modify, distribute, and/or copy the content as long as the original authors and source are cited properly.
Best Workflow Statement and Prevention of Publishing Violations
The statement outlines the best workflow and prevention of publishing violations. The COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) set of rules for magazine editors is designed to establish a set of minimum standards expected to be followed by all COPE members. The best practices have garnered widespread support and were formulated in response to editors' requests for guidance on a wide and evolving range of complex ethical issues. While COPE expects all members to adhere to the set of rules related to journal editors (and addresses complaints related to members who do not comply), it is recognized that editors may not be able to implement all voluntary best practice recommendations. However, it is hoped that our suggestions will lead to the identification of journal policies and practices that require review and discussion. In this combined version of documents, a mandatory set of rules for journal editors' standards is written in organized texts with numbered articles.
General Duties and Responsibilities of the Editor-in-Chief
1-1. The Editor-in-Chief must be accountable for any content published in the journal.
This implies that the Editor-in-Chief should:
1-2. Strive to meet the needs of readers and authors.
1-3. Endeavor to continuously improve the journal.
1-4. Adopt approaches to ensure the quality of published content.
1-5. Advocate for freedom of expression.
1-6. Uphold the accuracy and integrity of academic records.
1-7. Meet professional needs through compliance with rational and ethical standards.
1-8. Always be eager to publish corrections, clarifications, apologies, and retractions when necessary.
Best practices for Editors-in-Chief may include:
  • Actively seeking input from authors, readers, editors, and editorial board members on ways to improve the journal's approaches.
  • Encouraging and being aware of research on reviewing and publishing, and periodically reassessing the journal's approaches in light of new findings.
  • Striving to encourage publishers to provide appropriate resources and seek guidance from experts (e.g., designers and legal experts).
  • Supporting initiatives designed to address existing issues in research and publication.
  • Supporting initiatives aimed at educating researchers on publication ethics.
  • Evaluating the impact of journal policies on the behavior of authors and reviewers, and revising policies when necessary to strengthen accountability and address behavioral issues.
  • Ensuring that any published material by the journal reflects the message of the article and is accurately presented in the text.
2. Engagement with Readers
2-1. Readers should be informed about financial contributors or sponsors and be aware of whether financial contributors played a role in the research and publication, and if so, what role they played.
Best practices for Editors-in-Chief would include:
  • Ensuring that reports of published research and reviews are conducted by qualified and competent reviewers (including statistical reviews where necessary).
  • Ensuring that unreviewed sections of the journal are clearly identified.
  • Adopting approaches that enhance the accuracy, comprehensiveness, and clarity of research reports, including technical editing and the use of appropriate guidelines and checklists.
  • Focusing on improving transparency policies to maximize transparency regarding the sources of non-research articles.
  • Implementing systems of authorship or contribution that enhance accountability (e.g., accurate indexing to show who has contributed to the work) and reduce issues (such as ghost and guest authors).
  • Assuring readers that writings by journal staff or editorial board members are evaluated impartially.
3. Engagement with Authors
3-1. The decision of the Editor-in-Chief to accept or reject a manuscript should be based on the importance, originality, and clarity of the paper, the credibility of the study, and its alignment with the journal's objectives.
3-2. The Editor-in-Chief should not change their decision to accept manuscripts unless serious issues are identified.
3-3. A new Editor-in-Chief should not alter the previous Editor-in-Chief's decisions regarding the publication of manuscripts unless serious issues are identified.
3-4. Descriptions of re-evaluation approaches should be published, and the Editor-in-Chief should be prepared to justify any significant deviation from the stated approaches.
3-5. Journals should define a mechanism for authors to appeal against the decisions of the Editors.
3-6. The Editor-in-Chief should communicate expectations to authors through guidelines. These guidelines should be regularly updated and referred to or linked to in the code.
3-7. The Editor-in-Chief should develop guidelines on the necessary criteria for authorship or who should adhere to such standards in this area.
Best practices for Editors-in-Chief would include:
  • Regularly reviewing author comments and providing relevant links to these guidelines.
  • Disclosing relevant conflicts of interest for all stakeholders and publishing corrections if conflicts of interest are identified post-publication.
  • Ensuring that reviewers of manuscripts are appropriately selected (e.g., individuals capable of reviewing the content and free of disqualifying conflicts of interest).
  • Respecting requests from authors that acceptable and feasible revisions to their work not be subject to further review.
  • Referring to COPE guidelines in cases where the reviewer's performance is problematic.
  • Publishing details of how suspicious authorship or publication issues were resolved.
  • Publishing the dates of writing and acceptance of articles.
4. Engagement with Reviewers
4-1. The Editor-in-Chief should communicate their expectations of reviewers, including the use of provided materials to ensure confidence, in the form of guidelines. These guidelines should be regularly updated and referred to or linked to in the code.
4-2. Editors should have potential conflicts of interest disclosed by reviewers before referral.
4-3. The Editor-in-Chief should have a system in place to ensure that reviewers' identities are kept confidential unless explicit disclosure occurs that authors and reviewers are informed.
Best practices for Editors-in-Chief would include:
  • Encouraging reviewers to challenge ethical and potential research questions and problems arising from writings about publication (e.g., unethical research design, insufficient information for consent or support of research topics, such as animals).
  • Encouraging reviewers to challenge the authenticity of writings and awareness of the publication of materials with plagiarism and literary theft.
  • Providing the necessary tools to reviewers for identifying relevant publications (e.g., providing links to cited sources and searching the book list).
  • Announcing reviewer comments to authors with complete integrity unless the statements are insulting or defamatory.
  • Ensuring that reviewers cooperate with the journal.
  • Encouraging academic institutions to accept review activities as a research approach.
  • Reviewing the performance of reviewers and taking steps to ensure their high standards.
  • Developing and maintaining a suitable and updated database of reviewers based on their performance.
  • Using a wide range of sources (not just personal contacts) to identify potential new reviewers (e.g., author recommendations, databases related to the book list).
5. Engagement with Editorial Board Members
5-1. The Editor-in-Chief should consider new members of the editorial board and provide them with guidelines based on expectations from them, keeping them up-to-date with policies and new developments.
Best practices for Editors-in-Chief would include:
  • Having the necessary policies for managing the writings of editorial board members to ensure impartial reviews.
  • Identifying editorial board members with the competence to actively collaborate in the development and good management of the journal.
  • Regularly reviewing the composition of the editorial board.
  • Providing clear guidance to editorial board members on expected roles and responsibilities, which may include:
    • Acting as an executive member of the journal
    • Supporting and enhancing the journal
    • Seeking the best authors and best works (e.g., from leaked abstracts) and actively enhancing writings
    • Editing writings for the journal
    • Accepting responsibility for editing, reviewing, and commenting on articles in their field of expertise
    • Joining and participating in editorial board meetings
    • Periodically consulting with editorial board members (e.g., annually) to review feedback on journal management, inform them of any changes in journal policies, and identify challenges ahead.
6. Relations with Journal Owners and Publishers: 6-1. The relationship between the editor-in-chief and the publisher is often complex but must fundamentally be based on the principles of editorial independence. 6-2. The editor-in-chief should decide on the publication of articles based on their quality and relevance to the journal, without interference from the owner or publisher of the journal. 6-3. The editor-in-chief should have a written agreement regulating their relationship with the owner or publisher of the journal. 6-4. The provisions of this agreement should align with the Code of Conduct for Journal Editors.
Best practices for the editor-in-chief include:
  • Establishing mechanisms for resolving conflicts with owners or publishers with legal formalities.
  • Maintaining continuous communication with the owner and publisher of the journal.
7. Editorial Approaches and Review: 7-1. The editor-in-chief must ensure that the review process in their journal is fair, impartial, and timely. 7-2. The editor-in-chief should have a system in place to ensure that the materials presented in the journal remain confidential during the review process.
Best practices for the editor-in-chief include:
  • Ensuring that editorial staff, including themselves, undergo sufficient training and stay updated on the latest guidelines and evidence regarding review and journal management.
  • Staying informed about research on reviewing and technological advancements.
  • Adopting the most appropriate review methods for the journal and its research community.
  • Periodically reviewing the performance of the review process for potential improvements.
  • Referring problematic cases to the COPE, especially when questions arise that cannot be addressed in the normal course of the COPE process or when new issues about the journal emerge.
  • Conducting meetings to arbitrate complaints that could not be resolved.
8. Quality Assurance: 8-1. The editor-in-chief must take reasonable steps to ensure the quality of the content published, considering that journals and journal sections will have different goals and standards.
Best practices for the editor-in-chief include:
  • Having a system for identifying incorrect information (e.g., misplaced images or plagiarized texts) when suspicions arise.
  • Making decisions about the journal's layout based on evidence related to factors that enhance the quality of reports, rather than relying on aesthetic or personal preferences.
9. Protection of Personal Information: 9-1. The editor-in-chief must adhere to principles of confidentiality in their judgments. Regardless of internal rules, they must always keep personal information obtained during research or professional interactions confidential (e.g., between doctor and patient). Therefore, written consent for disclosure should always be obtained from individuals who may be identifiable or recognized by others (e.g., through reports or images).
Best practices for the editor-in-chief include:
  • Publishing their policy on the publication of personal information (e.g., information or personal images) and providing a comprehensive explanation to authors.
  • Noting that consent to participate in research or related matters, similar to consent for the publication of information, images, or personal quotes, is not the same.
10. Encouraging Ethical Practices (e.g., Human and Animal Research): 10-1. The editor-in-chief must ensure that the research they publish is conducted in accordance with internationally accepted ethical guidelines (e.g., the Declaration of Helsinki for clinical research and the AERA and BERA guidelines for educational research). 10-2. The editor-in-chief should seek assurance that all research has been approved by the competent authority (e.g., ethics review committee). However, the editor-in-chief should be aware that such approvals do not guarantee the ethical conduct of the research.
Best practices for the editor-in-chief include:
  • Being prepared to request evidence of the ethical approval of research and questioning authors about ethical aspects (e.g., how participant consent was obtained or the method used to minimize animal harm) in case of concerns or the need for clarification.
  • Ensuring that reports of clinical trials are based on the Declaration of Helsinki, Good Clinical Practice, and other relevant guidelines for ensuring participant safety.
  • Ensuring that reports of experiments or studies on animals comply with the World Health Organization's guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals or other relevant guidelines.
  • Appointing a consultant or ethical board for advice on specific issues and conducting periodic reviews of the journal's policy.
11. Dealing with Potential Misconduct: 11-1. The editor-in-chief is obligated to take action upon observing misconduct or signs of potential misconduct, covering both published and unpublished articles. 11-2. The editor-in-chief should not simply reject articles suspected of misconduct. Ethically, they must investigate such cases. 11-3. The editor-in-chief should follow the COPE guidelines wherever possible. 11-4. Initially, the editor-in-chief should seek a response from the parties involved in suspected misconduct. If a satisfactory response is not obtained, the matter should be addressed by staff, the institution, or other qualified individuals. 11-5. The editor-in-chief must make every effort to ensure that appropriate action is taken regarding the misconduct. If this does not happen, the editor-in-chief must make every effort to find a solution to the problem. This task is challenging but crucial.
12. Assurance of Academic Record Accuracy: 12-1. Errors or mistakes in writings must be corrected promptly based on their significance. 12-2. The editor-in-chief should use COPE guidelines to rectify errors.
Best practices for the editor-in-chief include:
  • Moving towards reducing inflammatory content in publications (e.g., ensuring that all clinical cases are documented).
  • Ensuring that published content is securely archived (e.g., in permanent repositories like PubMed Central).
  • Having a system to provide authors with an opportunity for open presentation of research articles.
13. Intellectual Property: 13-1. The editor-in-chief must be aware of intellectual property issues and collaborate with their publisher to manage the ability to violate intellectual property laws and commitments. Best practices for the editor-in-chief include:
  • Adopting a system to detect literary theft (e.g., software for searching similar titles) in submitted articles.
  • Supporting authors whose copyrights have not been respected or who have been victims of literary theft.
  • Being prepared to collaborate with the publisher to defend the rights of the author and take action against offenders (e.g., by requesting retractions or removal from websites), regardless of whether the journal adheres to copyright or not.
14. Encouraging Discussion: 14-1. The editor-in-chief should be eager to address convincing criticisms of works published in the journal. 14-2. The author of the criticized article should be given an opportunity to respond. 14-3. Reading negative results in work reports should not be overlooked.
Best practices for the editor-in-chief include:
  • Freedom to investigate cases where published content is challenged in the journal.
15. Complaints: 15-1. The editor-in-chief must promptly address complaints and understand that unresolved complaints lead to more complaints. The mechanism and process for referring unresolved issues to COPE should be clearly outlined in the journal. 15-2. The editor-in-chief should follow the procedure outlined in the COPE for handling complaints.
16. Economic Considerations: 16-1. Journals must have policies and systems to ensure that economic considerations do not interfere with editorial decisions (e.g., the advertising department should operate independently of the editorial department). 16-2. The editor-in-chief should have a clear advertising policy regarding the content of the journal and the approaches needed for sponsorship.
Best practices for the editor-in-chief include:
  • Publishing a general explanation of the journal's income sources (e.g., the share of income from advertising, sales, sponsorship requirements, etc.).
  • Ensuring that the sponsorship review process is similar to the journal's own sponsorship.
  • Ensuring that items included in sponsorship are based solely on academic merit and appeal to readers and that decision-making on these requirements does not interfere with commercial considerations.
17. Conflict of Interest: 17-1. The editor-in-chief must have a system to manage their own conflict of interest and that of staff, authors, reviewers, and editorial board members. 17-2. Journals must have a transparent policy for resolving writings from editors, staff, or editorial board members to ensure unbiased review.
Best practices for the editor-in-chief include:
  • Publishing a list of common interests (financial, academic, or other types) of editorial staff and editorial board members (to be updated annually).


This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.
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Bozorg Bigdeli, Saeid; Associate Professor of Persian Language and Literature
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email: bozorghs@modares.ac.ir
Tel: +98 (21) 82883613
Hajikhani, Ali; Assistant Professor of Quran and Hadith Sciences
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email: mmtqh@modares.ac.ir
Tel: -
Rostampour, Roghayeh; Associate Professor Of Arabic Language and Literature
Affiliation: Al Zahra University, Tehran, Iran
Email: rostampour2020@yahoo.com
Tel: -
Roohi, Kavous; Associate Professor of Quran and Hadith Sciences
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email: k.roohi@modares.ac.ir
Tel: -
Fattahizadeh, Fathiyeh; Associate Professor of Quran and Hadith Science
Affiliation: Al Zahra University, Tehran, Iran
Email: f-fattahizadeh@alzahra.ac.ir
Tel: -
Faghizadeh, Abdul Hadi; Professor of Quran and Hadith Science
Affiliation: University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Email: drfeghhizade@gmail.com
Tel: -
Kord Zaferanlo Cambozia, Aliyeh; Associate Professor of General Linguistics
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email: akord@modares.ac.ir
Tel: -
Mosalaeipor Yazdi, Abbas; Associate Professor of Quran and Hadith Sciences
Affiliation: Imam Sadiq University, Tehran, Iran
Email: amusallai@yahoo.com
Tel: -
Mirhaji, Hamidreza; Associate Professor of Arabic Language and Literature
Affiliation: Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran
Email: mirhaji_sayyed@yahoo.com
Tel: -
Nazemian, Reza; Professor of Arabic Language and Literature
Affiliation: Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran
Email: reza_nazemian2003@yahoo.com
Tel: -
Najafi Asadollahi, Saeed; Professor of Persian Language and Literature
Affiliation: Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran
Email: mmt@modares.ac.ir
Tel: -
Nikobakht, Naser; Professor of Persian Language and Literature
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email: n_nikoubakht@modares.ac.ir
Tel: -

Guidelines for Manuscript Writing:
The journal accepts various types of article formats, including Original Research, Short Research, Descriptive and Survey, Systematic Review, Case Report, and Letter to the Editor. All articles must adhere to the following structural conditions:
A) Title:
  • Persian and English titles (exact translation).
B) Abstract:
  • Persian and English abstracts (exact translation) with sections on Objectives, Methods, Findings, and Conclusion.
  • Word limit: Minimum 150 and maximum 250 words.
C) Keywords:
  • Persian and English keywords (exact translation), selected from MeSH (Medical Subject Heading).
  • Number: Minimum 3 and maximum 6 words.
D) Main Text:
  1. Original Research:
    • Analysis of data and not purely descriptive.
    • Sections: Introduction, Methods, Findings (with up to 4 diagrams), Discussion, and Conclusion.
    • Word limit: 3000 to 4000 words; 25 to 40 references.
  2. Short Research:
    • Presents new achievements in novel areas with a brief size.
    • Sections: Introduction, Methods, Findings (with up to 2 diagrams), Innovation Aspects, and Conclusion.
    • Word limit: 1500 to 2000 words; 10 to 15 references.
  3. Descriptive and Survey:
    • Collects descriptive data using various tools without statistical analysis.
    • Should demonstrate strong practical and effective aspects.
    • Sections: Introduction, Tools and Methods, Findings (with up to 2 diagrams), Practical Aspects, and Conclusion.
    • Word limit: 2000 to 2500 words; 35 to 45 references.
  4. Systematic Review:
    • Research-based articles by authors knowledgeable in the subject.
    • Uses data from other research articles in the subject area.
    • Sections: Introduction, Information and Methods, Findings (with up to 1 diagram), Discussion, and Conclusion.
    • Word limit: 4000 to 6000 words; 50 to 60 references, including a minimum of 5 original research articles by the authors.
  5. Case Report:
    • Presents a report on rare cases, especially in the medical field.
    • Sections: Introduction, Patient and Methods, Findings (with up to 2 diagrams), Conclusion.
    • Word limit: 1000 to 1500 words; 10 to 15 references.
  6. Letter to the Editor:
    • Usually written by experts regarding published articles, occasionally critiquing them.
    • Sections: Introduction, Main Titles at the Author's discretion (1 to 2 items), and Conclusion.
    • Word limit: 800 to 1000 words; maximum of 5 references.
E) Additional Sections at the End:
  1. Acknowledgments and Appreciations
  2. Ethical Approvals
  3. Conflict of Interest
  4. Author Contributions
  5. Financial Resources/Supports
F) Citations:
  • Reference to sources in the required format, listed at the end of the manuscript.
  • Valid sources for research articles are peer-reviewed publications.
  • At least 80% of citations must be from credible, peer-reviewed articles.
These guidelines ensure uniformity and quality in manuscript submissions. Adherence to these standards will facilitate the review and publication process.
Submission Guidelines:
  1. The submitting author is considered the general contact for all matters related to the article. All subsequent correspondences and notifications will be directed to this individual. When submitting the article, a letter confirming and introducing the author-contact should be signed by all authors and sent to the journal. This letter should clearly indicate the order of author names and specify the "corresponding author."
  2. Exercise caution when submitting or editing the article file. Ensure that the Persian and English abstracts, Persian and English keywords, and the required information about the authors are accurately placed in their designated sections. Articles lacking this information will not proceed in the review process.
  3. Format the entire article file as a single column on A4 paper with equal margins of 3 centimeters from the top, bottom, left, and right. Use the Mitra font (size 12) for Persian and Times New Roman font (size 11) for English, with a line spacing of 1.5 units.
  4. The article file should consist of five separate parts: the first page (1 page), Persian abstract (1 page), the main text of the article, references, and diagrams (each in a separate page, with explanations provided on the same page).
    • A) The first page should include the Persian and English titles and the details of all authors in the specified order.
      • For the corresponding author, include name, last degree obtained, field of study, affiliation details (educational group, department/research center, faculty/research institute, university/institute, city, country), mobile number, landline number, and postal address, and email.
      • For other authors, include name, last degree obtained, field of study, affiliation details, and email. The order of author names should be clearly defined.
    • B) On the abstract page, present the Persian and English abstracts first, followed by Persian and English keywords.
  5. In the main article text, refrain from using footnotes extensively. Only include footnotes when quoting more than 500 words from a source, indicating the source in the footnote is necessary. Simple referencing is insufficient.
  6. Avoid incorporating any diagrams (figures, tables, or charts) in the text. Only include them where necessary, and each should be numbered (e.g., Figure 2, Table 4, or Chart 1) centered in parentheses with a line space from the text above and below. Diagrams should be placed at the end of the article, each on separate pages, with numbering and explanations (Persian size 10 and English size 9). For numbering and referencing figures, tables, and charts, use three separate numbering series independently in the text. Ensure that explanations for each diagram are comprehensive and self-explanatory.
  7. The entire article text should be written in Persian, and strict avoidance of using Roman letters is necessary. In cases where a non-Persian word lacks a common equivalent in Persian, transliterate that word using Persian characters. In any part of the text that requires it, include the Persian equivalent of the non-Persian word in parentheses (never use footnotes for this purpose). Clearly state the Persian equivalent of a non-Persian word only once, at its first occurrence in the article.
  8. Submission of articles in the journals of Tarbiat Modares University is exclusively electronic. The steps for submitting an article electronically are as follows:
    1. After logging into the dedicated website for each journal, registration is mandatory for submitting an article.
    2. After logging in with your username on the site, select the "Article Submission Form" from the authors' section.
    3. In the next step, choose the number of authors, the type of article, and the article's subject (up to a maximum of 3 titles) and confirm.
    4. On the page provided at this stage, all mandatory sections must be completed with accurate information. Note that if the system approves the article submission and all information is not complete or the article file is not submitted in the specified order, the article will be returned by the site administrator.
    5. To submit the article file, only one file containing all the article information must be uploaded. The article file must be in Word format and include the article details page, abstract and keywords, the article text, references, and tables, charts, and figures along with their explanations.
    • For installation of the Vancouver reference style in Microsoft Office Word versions 2007 to 2021, click here.