Volume 7, Issue 4 (2018)                   JFST 2018, 7(4): 287-293 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Pazir M, Javadzadeh Pourshalkohi N, Rohani A. Evaluation of Growth, Survival, and Health Indices of Litopenaeus vannamei: Boone, 1931 Fed Diets Containing Different Percentages of Garlic Powder (Allium sativum). JFST 2018; 7 (4) :287-293
URL: http://jfst.modares.ac.ir/article-6-20000-en.html
1- Iranian Shrimp Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education & Extention Organization (AREEO), Bushe , dr.pazir@gmail.com
2- Fisheries Department, Agriculture & Natural Resources Faculty, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University
Abstract:   (7388 Views)
This study was investigated growth indices, survival, and health parameters of Litopenaeus vannamei of 8.64±0.31gr, fed different diets 0, 0.5, 1, and 2% of powder garlic for 60 days. Results showed that weight, length and specific growth rate (SGR) of shrimp fed diets containing 2% of garlic powder (15.42gr, 16.2cm and 1.27%, respectively) significantly higher than other treatments (p<0.05), however, due to a significant increase feed conversion efficiency (FCE) in this treatment, the feed conversion ratio (FCR) is significantly reduced compared to other treatments (p<0.05). Also, because of stimulation of immune system, total haemocyte count (THC) and total plasma protein (TPP) were significantly increased (p<0.05) compared to other treatment, which leads to significantly increased survival rate of shrimp fed diets containing 2% garlic powder compared to shrimp fed diets containing 0.5 and 0% of garlic powder (p<0.05). According to these results adding 2% garlic powder to the diet of L. vannamei will lead to improving growth indices and increase non-specific immune system efficiency.
Full-Text [PDF 884 kb]   (3396 Downloads)    
Article Type: Research Article | Subject: fish and shellfish physiology
Received: 2017/05/17 | Published: 2018/12/20

1. Briggs M, Funge-Smith S, Subasinghe R, Phillips M. Introductions and movement of Penaeus vannamei and Penaeus stylirostris in Asia and the Pacific [Internet]. Bangkok: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/Regional Office for Asia and The Pacific; 2004 [cited 2018 Oct 23]. Available from: http://www.fao.org/3/ad505e/ad505e00.htm [Link]
2. Faghih GH. Study of the aquaculture of Pacific white legged prawn and comparison of its economical efficiency with Indian white prawn [Internet]. Tehran: Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute; 2009 [cited 2018 Apr 17]. Available from: https://www.oceandocs.org/handle/1834/14078 [Persian] [Link]
3. Abdel-Hamid Hussein MM, Hassan WH, Moussa IMI. Potential use of allicin (garlic, Allium sativum Linn, essential oil) against fish pathogenic bacteria and its safety for monosex Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). J Food Agric Environ. 2013;11(1):696-9. [Link]
4. Gholaghaie M, Adel M, Hafezieh M. The evaluation of dietary garlic powder on growth performance, survival rate and body composition of Litopenaeus vannamei cultured by Caspian Sea water. Iran Sci Fish J. 2016;25(2):143-50. [Persian] [Link]
5. Shalaby AM, Khattab YA, Abdel Rahman AM. Effects of Garlic (Allium sativum) and chloramphenicol on growth performance, physiological parameters and survival of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). J Venom Anim Toxins Incl Trop Dis. 2006;12(2):172-201. [Link] [DOI:10.1590/S1678-91992006000200003]
6. Khodadadi M, Peyghan R, Hamidavi A. The evaluation of garlic powder feed additive and its effect on growth rate of common carp, Cyprinus carpio. Iran J Vet Anim Sci. 2013;6(2):17-26. [Persian] [Link]
7. FAO. Global aquaculture production statistics for the year. Aquaculture Department; 2013. [Link]
8. Pazir MK, Afsharnasab M, Jalali Jafari B, Sharifpour I, Motalebi AA, Dashtiannasab A. Detection and identification of White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) and Infectious Hypodermal and Hematopoietic Necrosis Virus (IHHNV) of Litopenaus vannamei from Bushehr and Sistan and Baloochestan provinces, Iran, during 2009-2010. Iran J Fish Sci. 2011;10(4):708-26. [Link]
9. Lee DH, Ra CS, Song YH, Sung KI, Kim JD. Effects of dietary garlic extract on growth, feed utilization and whole body composition of juvenile sterlet sturgeon (Acipenser ruthenus). Asian-Australas J Anim Sci. 2012;25(4):577-83. [Link] [DOI:10.5713/ajas.2012.12012]
10. Diab A, El-Nagar GO, Abd-El-Hady YM. Evaluation of Nigella sativa L (black seeds; baraka), Allium sativum (garlic) and BIOGEN as feed additives on growth performance and immunostimulants of O. niloticus fingerlings. Suez Canal Vet Med J. 2002;745-75. [Link]
11. Sivaram V, Babu MM, Immanuel G, Murugadass S, Citarasu T, Peter Marian M. Growth and immune response of juvenile greasy groupers (Epinephelus tauvina) fed with herbal antibacterial active principle supplemented diets against Vibrio harveyi infections. Aquaculture. 2004;237(1-4):9-20. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.03.014]
12. Ghaednia B, Mehrabi MR, Mirbakhsh M, Yeganeh V, Hoseinkhezri P, Garibi G, et al. Effect of hot-water extract of brown seaweed Sargassum glaucescens via immersion route on immune responses of Fenneropenaeus indicus. Iran J Fish Sci. 2011;10(4):616-30. [Link]
13. Rivlin RS. Historical perspective on the use of garlic. J Nutr. 2001;131(3s):951S-4. [Link] [DOI:10.1093/jn/131.3.951S]
14. Tanekhy M, Fall J. Expression of innate immunity genes in kuruma shrimp Marsupenaeus japonicus after in vivo stimulation with garlic extract (allicin). Veterinarni Medicina. 2015;60(1):39-47. [Link] [DOI:10.17221/7924-VETMED]
15. Cavallito CJ, Bailey JH. Allicin, the antibacterial principle of Allium sativum. I. isolation, physical properties and antibacterial action. J Am Chem Soc. 1944;66(11):1950-1. [Link] [DOI:10.1021/ja01239a048]
16. Ankri S, Mirelman D. Antimicrobial properties of allicin from garlic. Microbes Infect. 1999;1(2):125-9 [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S1286-4579(99)80003-3]
17. Dirsch VM, Gerbes AL, Vollmar AM. Ajoene, A compound of garlic, induces apoptosis in human promyeloleukemic cells, accompanied by generation of reactive oxygen species and activation of nuclear factor κB. Mol pharmacol. 1998;53(3):402-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1124/mol.53.3.402]
18. Amagase H, Petesch BL, Matsuura H, Kasuga S, Itakura Y. Intake of garlic and its bioactive components. J Nutr. 2001;131(3s):955S-62. [Link] [DOI:10.1093/jn/131.3.955S]
19. Thanikachalam K, Kasi M, Rathinam X. Effect of garlic peel on growth, hematological parameters and disease resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Bloch) fingerlings. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2010;3(8):614-8. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S1995-7645(10)60149-6]
20. Vaseeharan B, Sai Prasad G, Ramasamy P, Brennan G. Antibacterial activity of Allium sativum against multidrug-resistant Vibrio harveyi isolated from black gill-diseased Fenneropenaeus indicus. Aquac Int. 2011;19(3):531-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s10499-010-9369-9]
21. Anne Rebecca A, Saravana Bhavan P. Growth promotion and survival enhancement of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii post larvae fed with Allium sativum, Zingiber officinale and Curcuma longa. Int J Pure Appl Zool. 2014;2(2):138-49. [Link]
22. Labrador JRP, Guiñares RC, Hontiveros, GJS. Effect of garlic powder-supplemented diets on the growth and survival of Pacific white leg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Cogent Food Agric. 2016;2(1):1210066. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/23311932.2016.1210066]
23. Gorgij Jaski M, Kamrani E, Salarzadeh AR. The study effect of sun light on growth performance and survival of postlarval white leg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) and salinity stress resistance. Eur J Exp Biol. 2014;4(2):7-12. [Link]
24. Sanudin N, Tuzan AD, Yong ASK. Feeding activity and growth performance of shrimp post larvae Litopenaeus vannamei under light and dark condition. J Agric Sci. 2014;6(11):103-9. [Link] [DOI:10.5539/jas.v6n11p103]
25. Javadzadeh M, Salarzadeh AR, Yahyavi M, Hafezieh M, Darvishpour H. Effect of garlic extract on growth and survival rate in Litopenaeus vannami post larval. Iran Sci Fish J. 2012;21(1):39-46. [Persian] [Link]
26. Kasornchandra J, Chutchawanchaipan W, Thavornyutikarn M, Puangkaew J. Application of garlic (Allium sativum) as an alternate therapeutic for marine shrimp. Proceeding of the JSPS-NRCT International Symposium: Productivity Techniques and Effective Utilization of Aquatic Animal Resources into the New Century. Bangkok: Kasetsart University; 2005. p. 114-9. [Link]
27. Parmar PV, Shivanada Murthy H, Tejpal CS, Naveen Kumar BT. Effect of brewer's yeast on immune response of giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, and its resistance to white muscle disease. Aquac Int. 2012;20(5):951-64. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s10499-012-9520-x]
28. Van Wyk P, Davis-Hodgkins M, Laramore R, Main KL, Mountain J, Scarpa J. Farming marine shrimp in recirculating fresh water systems. Florida: Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services; 1999. [Link]
29. De Oliveira Costa LC, Xavier JAA, De Matos Neves LF, De Azambuja AMV, Wasielesky Junior W, Figueiredo MRC. Polyculture of Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp and Mugil platanus mullet in earthen ponds. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia. 2013;42(9):605-11. [Link] [DOI:10.1590/S1516-35982013000900001]
30. Chang CF, Chen HY, Su MS, Liao IC. Immunomodulation by dietary beta-1, 3-glucan in the brooders of the black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2000;10(6):505-14. [Link] [DOI:10.1006/fsim.2000.0266]
31. Jiang G, Yu R, Zhou M. Modulatory effects of ammonia-N on the immune system of Penaeus japonicus to virulence of white spot syndrome virus. Aquaculture. 2004;241(1-4):61-75. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.08.020]
32. Acharya U, Mowen MB, Nagashima K, Acharya JK. Ceramidase expression facilitates membrane turnover and endocytosis of rhodopsin in photoreceptors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004;101(7):1922-6. [Link] [DOI:10.1073/pnas.0308693100]
33. Ziaeenejad S, Sharifpour I. The effects of two synbiotics on biochemical and immunological parameters of White shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) hemolymph. Iran Sci Fish J. 2016;24(4):169-177. [Persian] [Link]
34. Zare H, Hossini SA, Sodagar M, Zendehbodi A. The effects of garlic extract on growth, salinity and pH stress resistance of White leg shrimp's (Litopenaus vannamei) post larvae.J Aquac Util. 2104;2(1):1-16. [Persian] [Link]
35. Fazlolahzadeh F, Keramati K, Nazifi S, Shirian S, Seifi S. Effect of garlic (Allium sativum) on hematological parameters and plasma activities of ALT and AST of Rainbow trout in temperature stress. Aust J Basic Appl Sci. 2011;5(9):84-90. [Link]
36. Dikel S. The use of garlic (Allium sativum) as a growth promoter in aquaculture. Turk J Agric Food Sci Technol. 2015;3(7):529-36. [Turkish] [Link] [DOI:10.24925/turjaf.v3i7.529-536.356]

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.