Volume 10, Issue 2 (2021)                   JFST 2021, 10(2): 189-202 | Back to browse issues page

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Rashidian G, Abedian Kenari A, Nikkhah M. Production and optimization of chitosan nanosystems loaded with peptide fraction resulting from enzymatic hydrolysis of vannamei shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) head wastes. JFST 2021; 10 (2) :189-202
URL: http://jfst.modares.ac.ir/article-6-51620-en.html
1- Tarbiat Modares University
2- Tarbiat Modares University , aabedian@yahoo.co.uk
Abstract:   (1812 Views)
In this experiment, head wastes were prepared and enzymatically hydrolyzed using alcalase (2.4 L) enzyme. The hydrolysate was fractionated by ultrafiltration with 10 kDa molecular weight cut-offs and the desired fraction was encapsulated following ion coagulation method (chitosan and triphosphate (TPP)) in nanochitosan capsules. Encapsulation process was optimized based on different ratios of chitosan:TPP and different concentrations (1, 5 and 10 mg/ml) of peptidic fraction. Finally, the degree of hydrolysis and the length of the peptides obtained from enzymatic hydrolysis were determined. The nanocapsules were examined for size, zeta potential and polydispersity index (PDI) using dynamic light scattering (Malvern, England). Structural and surface morphology studies including scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) of capsules produced under favorable conditions were also performed. Particle size was measured in various concentrations and treatments in the range of 30 to 150 nm. The best results were obtained in the treatment of 2: 1 ratio of chitosan to polyphosphate and concentration of 10 mg / ml. The size, dispersion index, zeta potential and size of nanocapsules in the optimal conditions were 0.375, 2020 and 30.13 nm, respectively, and storage conditions at -20 °C had no effect on the quality of nanocapsules. Based on the efficiency study, it was found that fraction with a concentration of 10 mg/ml is well encapsulated by chitosan with an efficiency of 91.04 ± 0.18 percent. The results showed that chitosan-TPP could be used for nanocapsulation of bioactive peptides with an approximate molecular weight of less than 10 kDa.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Bioactive compounds
Received: 2021/04/13 | Published: 2021/05/3

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