Volume 11, Issue 1 (2022)                   JFST 2022, 11(1): 42-54 | Back to browse issues page

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Amin N, Shirangi S A, Kashiri H, Jafaryan H, Adineh H. Effects of abrupt and gradual transfer methods to the salinity of the Caspian Sea on ion regulation, some of immunity responses and stress indices in Caspian Roach (Rutilus caspicus, Yakovlev 1870). JFST 2022; 11 (1) :42-54
URL: http://jfst.modares.ac.ir/article-6-54542-en.html
1- Gonbad Kavous University
2- Gonbad Kavous University , ainazshirangi@gmail.com
3- Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources
Abstract:   (1151 Views)
Because of the importance of osmoregulation in success of the juvenile Caspian Roach (Rutilus caspicus) release, maintenance and their restoration, this study was performed with the aim of the evaluation of these fish (average weight of 1.4 g± 0.018 g) to the salinity tolerance of the Caspian Sea by abrupt and gradual transfer methods on two different occasions of short-term (24 hours) and long-term (21 days). For this reason, 360 juvenile roaches were distributed to 9 different experimental treatments (each of them with 3 replicates) with 1) increased abrupt salinity (direct transfer to the Caspian Sea water), 2) increased gradual salinity (3 ppt for every 24 hrs) and 3) the Control group (freshwater). In order to evaluate the ion regulation, osmolality, Na+, K+ and Cl- were measured in fish. Some immune responses related to the increased salinity (immunoglobulin and lysozyme) and stress indices (cortisol and glucose) were also measured. Based on the obtained results, the fish in both treatments of increased salinity showed high percentage of survival. All parameters related to ion regulation were decreased after a primary increase. Furthermore, the trend of cortisol and immunoglobulin changes were negatively correlated showing decreased stress response and increased immune system for both salinity transfer methods. Thus, the roach juveniles (1-2 g) are able to be transferred into the Caspian Sea directly.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Physiology and Biochemistry
Received: 2021/08/2 | Published: 2022/03/25

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