Volume 12, Issue 1 (2022)                   JFST 2022, 12(1): 13-24 | Back to browse issues page

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Siyahoei A, Bita S, ghasemzadeh J. Determination of median lethal concentration of silver nitrate and its effect on the behavioral responses of Litopenaeus vannamei. JFST 2022; 12 (1) : 2
URL: http://jfst.modares.ac.ir/article-6-62981-en.html
1- Faculty of marine sciences, Chabahar maritime university, Chabahar, Iran
2- Faculty of marine sciences, chabahar maritime university , serajbita@yahoo.com
3- Faculty of marine sciences, Chabahar maritime university
Abstract:   (682 Views)
Today, the continuous release of environmental pollutants into aquatic ecosystems has made these environments extremely vulnerable and turned them into a storage sites for these toxic substances, so it is necessary to investigate the effects of these pollutants on aquatic life. The present study was conducted with the aim of determining the toxicity of silver nitrate and observing the behavioral changes of Litopenaeus vannamei during its exposure. To determine the toxicity, the standard method of OECD was used. At first, the viability and survival of Litopenaeus vannamei were checked after two weeks of acclimatization to laboratory conditions, then by conducting preliminary tests, the actual lethality values ​​of silver nitrate were obtained. In order to determine the median lethal concentration, shrimps were exposed to concentrations of  0.025, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4 and 0.8 mg/L of silver nitrate for 96 h and their mortality were recorded daily every 24 h. The LC50, LOEC, NOEC and MATC were calculated based on shrimp mortality. During the viability and survival test, no mortality were observed up to 96 hours, and the survival rate of shrimps was 100%. The value of LC50, NOEC, LOEC and MATC were determined as 0.084, 0.02, 0.025 and 0.0084 mg/liter, respectively. In different concentrations of silver nitrate, shrimps showed behaviors such as abnormal swimming, fast movements of swimming legs, coming to the surface of the water, twisting the body around itself and eventually losing balance.
Article number: 2
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Aquatic Animal Health & disease
Received: 2022/07/17 | Published: 2023/05/2

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