Volume 12, Issue 4 (2023)                   JFST 2023, 12(4): 347-357 | Back to browse issues page

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Bolouki Kourandeh M, Nabavi S M B, Shokri M R, Ghanemi K. Investigation of 35 year variation of sea surface temperature in the coral regions of Persian Gulf. JFST 2023; 12 (4) : 4
URL: http://jfst.modares.ac.ir/article-6-64871-en.html
1- Head of Marine Ecology Group, Marine Deputy, Department of environment, Tehran,Iran , lahijanjan@yahoo.com
2- Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, University of Marine Science and Technology, Khorramshahr, Iran.
3- Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Living Science, Shahid Beheshti University, Iran.
4- Department of Marine Chemistry, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Khorramshahr University of Marine Science and Technology, Khorramshahr, Iran
Abstract:   (281 Views)
Investigating the trend of temperature changes occurring in the Persian Gulf can be used to determine the pattern of climate change in the region and to study the impact of these changes on aquatic habitats in the Persian Gulf waters.  This study was carried out to investigate the changes in sea surface temperature and sea surface temperature anomaly in Kharg and Hendourabi islands by using Environmental Research Division's Data Access Program (ERDDAP) of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and  daily sea surface temperature and sea surface temperature anomaly  were investigated over a 35-year period.The results showed that the average annual surface temperature increased by about 1 °C over 35 years in Kharg and Hendourabi Islands and the average annual sea surface temperature anomaly in these islands were increased by 2 °C. The slope of this increasing trend on Kharg Island was more severe than Hendourabi Island. The most significant bleaching event in the Persian Gulf occurred in 2016-2017, with the highest increase in temperature in 2017. As water temperatures continue to increase in the coming years, the living conditions of the Persian Gulf corals are likely to deteriorate, and only some resistant species can survive in the Gulf.
Article number: 4
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Fisheries Oceanography
Received: 2022/10/17 | Published: 2023/12/28

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