Volume 8, Issue 4 (2019)                   JFST 2019, 8(4): 241-249 | Back to browse issues page

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Mousavi Z, Babaei S, Vardizadeh F, Naseri M. Evaluation of gelatin extracted from Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii, Brandt, 1869) skin and biodegradable film fabrication. JFST 2019; 8 (4) :241-249
URL: http://jfst.modares.ac.ir/article-6-40543-en.html
1- MSc, Fishery Product Processing, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Engineering, School of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
2- Department of Natural Resources and Environment Engineering, School of Agriculture, Shiraz University , babaei.sedigheh@gmail.com
3- Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Engineering, School of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
Abstract:   (2753 Views)
Aims: In this study, gelatin was extracted from Siberian sturgeon waste and used in film making.
Materials and Methods: Gelatin was extracted using NaOH and HCl. After evaluating the extracted gelatin properties (bloom grade, pH, zeta test, melting and setting temperature and time), the edible film was prepared by using glycerol.
Findings: The results showed that the extraction efficiency of the gelatin was %20.06. The protein content, pH, degree of gel hardness, setting and melting temperature and time were 79.2 ± 0.6%, 4, 160.2 ± 0.4 g, 13.1 ± 0.2 ° C in 180.3 ± 0.5 seconds and 19.33 ± 0.5 ° C in 140.66 ± 0.5 seconds, respectively. Zeta potential indicated a positive surface charge in gelatin. The thickness, moisture, solubility, tensile strength, tensile strength and permeability tensile strengths properties of gelatin film reported 0.05 mm, %10.2 ± 1.5, %79 ± 3.7, 30.01 ± 0.7 MPa, %77.5 ± 3.6 and 3.5 ± 0 g mm/h mm2kpa×10-6­, respectively. SEM images of the film showed smooth structure without cracking. Moreover, the FTIR result showed the formation of amide bands in the region of 3277.62, 1633.92, 1530.11 and 1236.49 cm-1.
Conclusion: Due to the efficiency and properties of gelatin, and the mechanical and physical properties of the edible film, it can be used as a good candidate for the production of biodegradable films in food storage.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Packaging
Received: 2020/02/8 | Published: 2020/06/21

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